# Zahlen und Zeitangaben

## Zahlen und Zeichen

 1,2,3...9 digits (Ziffern); also: figures (e.g. figure eight) 1,2,3,... ad infinitum numbers (ganze Zahlen); in a row 12.82, 5%, 7 miles, € 34,... figures (representing something) 12.82 (point not comma in English!) twelve POINT eight two (so two decimals) % per cent (stress on "cent"); percentage; 0 zero (US), oh (UK), nought (science, maths), nil (sports) "the 1st" (NOT "the 1.") In English, the full stop does not turn a cardinal into an ordinal number! million (careful: 3 million – not 3 millions!) Million billion Milliarde trillion Billion Fractions Brüche half (no article!) die Hälfte a third ein Drittel a quarter / three quarters ein Viertel / drei Viertel a fifth, a sixth, ... ein Fünftel, ein Sechstel, ... doing sums Rechnen

## Zeit und Datum

### Wie man die Uhrzeit aufschreibt und sagt

 in the morning (until lunchtime) ORa.m. short for “ante meridiem”, i.e. “before noon” There is no separate word for “Vormittag”! It’s (a) quarter past ten a.m. / in the morning. at noon It’s 12 o’clock / lunchtime. in the afternoon ORp.m. short for “post meridiem”, i.e. “after noon” It’s (a) quarter to three p.m. / in the afternoon. in the evening / (late) at night It’s half past eight p.m. / in the evening.

### Wie man das Datum aufschreibt und sagt

British English

e.g. 4 June 2018

No full stop after the number! We tend not to write 4th anymore!

We say: “(on) the fourth of June ” or  “(on) June the fourth”

American English

e.g. June 4, 2018

We say: “(on) June fourth”

### Verwendung im Militär

 Date-Time-Group – DTGe.g. 040930Bjun18 DDHHMM(Z)MONYYDD           …date of the monthHHMM   …time, 24-hr formatA/B/Z      …military time zoneMON       …month (first 3 letters, capitalised in the US but not by AAF)YY           …last two digits of the year

## Culture tip: point versus comma

In German, we write figures like this: 1.234.567,89 and use points to separate thousands. In English, it is exactly the other way round: 1,234,567.89

Here, the commas serve to separate the thousands.

## Culture tip: using the right preposition and time expression

For the time of day, we use “at” (e.g. The meeting starts AT ten).We use the numbers 1 to 12 for saying the time. The numbers 13 to 24 are normally just used for e.g. train departure times, and in the military 2400h format.

## Culture tip: confusing!

If the British say, “Let’s meet at half six”, they mean half PAST, so 6.30!